Fighting Insulin Resistance


Insulin resistance can cause weight gain and increase your risk for Type 2 diabetes and heart disease. Take steps to get your metabolism working as it should.

The relationship between insulin, blood sugar, also called blood glucose, and your weight is a complicated one, but it might be the key to stopping or reversing weight gain — and preventing diabetes.

Insulin: The Doorman

Insulin is a hormone that helps regulate your blood glucose. Glucose is your body’s primary source of energy and enters your bloodstream when the food you eat is broken down. This signals your pancreas to send insulin into your bloodstream.

From there, insulin helps glucose enter your body’s cells, where it can be burned for energy or stored for later use. Insulin also tells your liver to store glucose. As glucose is stored and your blood glucose levels drop, so does the amount of insulin in your bloodstream.

Or at least, that’s the way it’s supposed to work.

Too Much Storage

If your body becomes resistant to insulin, glucose stays in your bloodstream, which then causes your pancreas to create more insulin in a vicious cycle.

Once your liver and muscles are full of glucose, the extra glucose in your bloodstream needs to go somewhere. As such, your liver signals the body to store this glucose as body fat, causing you to gain weight. This also increases your risk for Type 2 diabetes.

Correcting the Imbalance

While being overweight or obese can increase your chances of becoming insulin resistant, other factors such as age, ethnicity and family history can also raise your risk. Though you can’t control all of these risk factors, you can help lower your risk of insulin resistance by:

  • Eating healthy. Choose a diet rich in vegetables, fruits and healthy carbohydrates over nutrient-poor carbohydrates, such as white bread and sugar.
  • Getting active. Physical activity can raise your insulin sensitivity and improve your overall health.
  • Losing weight. If you are overweight or obese, losing just 5–10% of your body weight can help reverse insulin resistance and reduce your chance of developing diabetes.
  • Sleeping enough. Aim for seven to nine hours of sleep every night to get the slow-wave or deep sleep to maintain blood sugar levels and insulin sensitivity.

Stay focused on your health. Learn how to manage diabetes during the holidays and remember what’s really important, from diet to foot care, by attending this important diabetes educational event.

Join Kristen Lee, PA-C, board certified in Advanced Diabetes Management at Cottage Clinics; Jessica Fink, MS, RD, LDN, Director of Cottage Hospital Food & Nutrition Services; and Audra Baker, MSPA, Program Director, Cottage Hospital Wound Healing & Hyperbaric Center; as they navigate optimum diabetic health during holiday celebrations and the winter months ahead.

12 Strategies for Diabetes Management This Holiday and Winter Season

Thursday, November 21, at 5:30 p.m.

Cottage Medical Arts Clinic
Cottage Medical Plaza – Seminary Building, Suite 201
834 North Seminary Street
Galesburg, IL 61401

Reservations required. Call (309) 271‑0848​.

***Report Courtesy of Galesburg Cottage Hospital***

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